Chandeliers for 2015

April 2015 Chandelier Cover

Hanging lights are one of the hottest lighting trends for 2015. It’s no surprise–they’re gorgeous and extremely functional, acting as either ambient or task lighting. Chandeliers are also a perfect place to splurge. They last for years, are always beautiful, and become a focal point in any room. We’ve made a list of some of our favorites hanging lights for every homeowner’s budget.

Chandeliers under 500

  1. The Nexus 3-light chandelier. This is a great transitional light by Maxim Lighting for $228.00.
  2. The Parker 4-light chandelier. A transitional piece by Nuvo. This fixture would look great above a small dining room table. $199.99.
  3. A semi-flush chandelier by Kichler. This fixture also comes in brushed nickel. $250.80.
  4. 5-light Kichler chandelier. This small light leans more toward a traditional aesthetic, but could also work in a transitional design scheme. $231.00.
  5. 5-light mini chandelier. A gorgeous Minka Lavery light that comes in a unique distressed silver finish. Image this above a clawfoot bathtub in your dream master bath. $284.00.
  6. Paris Flea Market 4-light mini chandelier. This Crystorama mini chandelier combines high-style design with premium materials. It also comes in a chic white finish. $300.00.
  7. Emery chandelier by Quoizel. A metal-shaded fixture, this Americana-styled chandelier is an elegant nod to the past. Available in three finishes. $380.00.
  8. Delphine 12-light chandelier. Perfect for an industrial space, this fixture is defined by its unique structure and use of bulbs. $258.00.
  9. Linear halogen chandelier. This Kichler fixture would work well in a contemporary space, especially above an island or table. $371.80.

Chandeliers 500 - 1000

  1. Carnaby Street chandelier. This is a spherical shaped chandelier adorned with crystal elements in a rich bronze finish. It would work well in a contemporary or traditional space. $658.00.
  2. Palla 1 light mini chandelier. The Palla collection is more elemental in nature and natural in earth tones. An eclectic design, this fixture would work in many different spaces. $650.00.
  3. Belvedere 12-light. Mixing the orderly structure of straight lines and sharp angles with simple curves, this chandelier blends the clean lines of contemporary design and the glamour of traditional to create something entirely new and modern. $898.00.
  4. Cubist 4-light LED chandelier. Blocks of tiffany glass are assembled into a structure of staggered cubes. A contemporary piece for $818.00.
  5. Contessa 12-light chandelier. This is a traditional piece with cylindrical shades and a contemporary flair. $998.00.
  6. Linear 5-light chandelier. A contemporary piece, this fixture has the clean lines and simple design perfect for a minimalist. $701.80.
  7. Cortina chandelier. With lavish strands of crystal beads and a gleaming center ball, this fixture is all about the glamour. $849.00.
  8. Hampton 8-light drum shade chandelier. Drum chandeliers are very popular right now and for good reason—they’re gorgeous! This Crystorama light offers transitional design and soft elegance. $798.00.
  9. Lucero chandelier. Part of the Jessica Mcclintock Home Collection, this piece features delicate lines and premium material.


Chandeliers 1000+

  1. Rumsford. This piece by Hudson Valley is an industrial frame chandelier in a beautiful polished nickel finish. $1,702.00.
  2. Xanadu. This Fredrick Ramond fixture updates the classic chandelier with a polished stainless steel finish and clear crystal accents. $3,099.00.
  3. Bijou. This light captures the best of modern, Euro-chic design. The clean lines of its laser cut frame feature elegant strands of crystal beads that span the entire fixture. $1,379.00
  4. LED Meridian. A very contemporary design, it is part of Elan’s Meridian collection. Check out their matching fixtures. $2,394.00.
  5. Zen chandelier. This modern cable hung design is the ultimate in eco-chic. Constructed with sustainable environmentally-friendly solid bamboo, this fixture utilizes an energy-efficient LED light source. $1,599.00.
  6. Starburst 31-light chandelier. Crystal balls and large metal offshoots extend from the center orb in the “exploding” fixture. The light reflects off of the polished chrome finish, creating a bright and beautiful ambiance. $6,358.00.
  7. Stanley 9-light chandelier. An industrial interpretation of Art Deco, this gorgeous fixture comes in Kalco’s exclusive volcano bronze finish. $2,482.00.
  8. Chantilly 10-light chandelier. We’re not sure a more elegant and glamorous chandelier exists. This beautiful chandelier by Maxim Lighting features metal frames draped with jewelry chain. $1,400.00.
  9. Dawson 9-light chandelier. This is an antique brass chandelier with sparkling crystals and traditional style. $3,190.00.

Everyday Plumbing Tips

Everyday Plumbing Tips Cover

Owning a home can be hard work, but with regular maintenance it doesn’t have to be. Check out some of these plumbing tips and keep your home in top shape!

Everyday Plumbing Tips

  • Make sure everyone in the house knows where the main water shutoff is in case of an emergency. It is typically at ground level (literally. if you’re in a basement, it will likely be at eye level or above. If you’re on the first floor, it will be below eye level) and on the perimeter of the house. If you’re unsure, check your inspection report from when you purchased the house.

  • If you believe your toilet is about to overflow, quickly remove the tank lid, reach down and push the flush valve closed. It covers the tennis ball-sized opening in the bottom of the tank. That keeps the bowl from overflowing while you clear the obstruction.

  • Every few years, check your toilet for leaks. Remove the tank lid, add food coloring to the water in the tank. Check the bowl in ten or fifteen minutes. If you see color, the flapper valve may be leaking.

  • Periodically examine your meter. If no water is running in the house, all dials on the meter should be stable. A movement in one of the dials may indicate a water leak. This could cost you over time.

  • Familiarize yourself with the location of stop valves by each toilet and faucet. If a major problem develops you can turn the water off there instead of at the main to prevent serious water damage to your home.

  • Open and close all valves at least once a year. This will ensure that they will work when you need them to. Otherwise they may seize up over time.

  • Extend the life of your water heater by draining a gallon or two of water once or twice a year from the drain valve at the bottom of the heater. This will allow sediment to clear.

  • Use drain-cleaners as a last resort on a stopped drain. If they don’t work you will have to deal with a sink full of caustic liquid. Always use a plunger first, and if you have to call a plumber after using drain cleaner, be sure to let him/her know what cleaner you used.

  • Close laundry valves when not in use, in case a hose breaks.

  • Be sure replacement parts will be readily available when buying fixtures.


Technology in the Kitchen

Kitchen Technology Cover Image

Blending technology and design in the kitchen is nothing new. As we become more dependent on technology, so do our homes. Let’s look at some of the technology trends you may want to incorporate in your next kitchen remodel.



LED kitchen lighting - Tech

We’ve said it before and we’ll say it again: LEDs are trending. They started in undercabinet lighting applications and have evolved into pendants, sconces, and more. Why are they so popular?

1) The plastic bulb is more durable than the thin glass bulbs of incandescents.
2) They don’t have filaments that burn out. An electric current passes through semiconductor material, illuminating the diode. Heat is absorbed into a head sink, a passive device that dissipates it into the surrounding environment.
3) They are extremely energy efficient. Compared to incandescent bulbs, LEDs produce little heat, which means a high percentage of power is going to light generation. LEDs are also better at converting electricity into visible lighting than incandescents, outputting more lumens.

Undercabinet Module Integration

One of our undercabinet lighting manufacturers has developed a line of integrated undercabinet products. You can have task lighting, USB ports, and extra outlets all at your disposal. One of our favorite pieces is the tablet cradle. It attaches anywhere along the modular track to hold your tablet.


Today’s top appliances combine smart features and energy efficiency to deliver a seamless experience.

Induction Cooktops

Jenn Air Induction Cooktop

Induction cooking is one of the fastest growing kitchen technologies. With induction cooking, electricity flows through a coil, generating a magnetic field under the glass surface of the cooktop. When induction-compatible cookware is placed on the cooktop, currents are produced and instant heat is generated. Only the cookware heats up, not the cooktop. This instant process creates fast and evenly distributed heat.

(We have an induction cooktop on display in our showroom if you’d like to see it work in real-time.)


Incorporating electronic devices and plumbing product may seem counterintuitive at first, but many manufacturers have been developing the technology for years.

Touch Faucets

Brizo Solna Touch Kitchen Faucet

Brizo and Delta manufacture faucets with SmartTouch®. Touch anywhere on the faucet body or handle to turn on or off the water. When you tap the faucet on, and LED light at the faucet’s base indicates SmartTouch is active. When you tap the faucet off, the light goes off. SmartTouch also works to conserve water by activating flow only when needed, while its flexible operation promotes safe food handling.

Touchless Faucets

Moen Brantford Motionsense Kitchen Faucet

Moen designed a hands-free faucet that utilizes two sensors to activate. Pass your hand over the Wave Sensor at the top of the spout to start. To turn the water off, wave your hand over the sensor again. The sensor near the base of the faucet identifies when an object, like a cup or a hand, is placed beneath the spout, running water only until you exit the sensor zone. The handle on the side of the faucet offers familiar, manual operation, allowing you to adjust temperature and water flow.

Kohler Sensate Kitchen Faucet

Response™ technology makes Sensate respond to your every move. Wave your hand—or an object like a pan or kitchen utensil—to turn Sensate on or off. The sensor is in tune with your every move, precision-designed to provide reliable operation every time–so there’s no need to worry about false activations when you’re working in the sink area. Sensate also runs on AC power, which means there are no batteries to replace!



Technology in the kitchen is only going to increase over the next few years. Manufacturers like GE and Whirlpool are already predicting what kitchens will look like in the future:

What do you think about incorporating technology into the kitchen? What features would you like to see in the years to come? Let us know below or sound off on our Facebook or Twitter pages!

The Latest in Lighting

Colorful Textile Pendant Lights

The Keidel lighting team took a field trip last week to the International Lighting Market in Dallas, Texas. Far from home and ready to learn, our specialists studied the lighting trends that will be making their way to Cincinnati this year.


No surprise here—LED is huge, and it’s not going away. Energy efficiency and sustainability are major concerns for home owners and business owners alike. As demand for LED grows, so do the designs. There are hundreds of LED fixtures that weren’t available three or four years ago.

LED Lights 1 - Tech



A green fixture isn’t just about performance anymore. Au naturel is en vogue, and many manufacturers are bringing organic influences into their designs. These light fixtures either mimic or integrate organic elements into their design.

Corbett Floral Light 
This light incorporates faux branches and flora.

Natural Light Piece 2_Edit 

The shadow this fixture casts is reminiscent of a bare tree on an autumn night.

Fine Art Lamps Quartz Light
This pendant by Fine Art Lamps integrates Quartz Clusters with lighting.

Agate Lights

Natural Light Piece 4 - Corbett

This agate fixture from Corbett follows the natural trend, while also allowing for some classic bling. No two stones are alike!

Natural Light Piece 5 - Corbett




Geometric Light 3 - Hinkley

While some manufacturers have always leaned toward modern design, this year’s Lighting Market revealed more geometric and linear models than ever before.

Geometric Light 1

Geometric Light 2

According to the NKBA, more kitchens and bathrooms are designed in contemporary and transitional styles. The move to contemporary design in lighting may be following this trend. 



Bulbs aren’t just about wattage and luminance anymore. The type of bulb installed can strongly influence the overall design of the fixture.

Nostalgic Bulbs

Fresh to the Midwest is the Edison bulb trend. These nostalgic bulbs preserve the look of the early 20th Century, yet they look great in contemporary industrial spaces.

Bulbrite Nostalgic Bulb

Exposed Bulbs

In these fixtures, the bulbs are the focus of the design rather than solely the function.

Conduit by Troy



Homeowners in Greater Cincinnati are interested in these trends. According to Houzz, 78% of homeowners choose lighting based on design. Keeping a home’s lighting up-to-date can increase its value and refresh a tired room.  As we update our lighting showroom, we’ll be integrating several of these designs within our displays, so stay tuned for updates.

Did you like any of the featured light fixtures? You can check them out in detail on our showroom site, or call us to schedule your lighting appointment.

Kitchen Trends That Are Here To Stay

Kitchens are the heart of today’s home. They are not only where we cook and eat, but also where we balance the checkbook, help the kids with homework, and entertain our friends. Because we spend so much time in the kitchen, it is natural to want to improve it. Houzz asked over 3,500 respondents about their kitchen remodeling habits and here’s what they found.

What do you think? Let us know on Facebook or Twitter!

The Touchless Toilet

Kohler San Souci Touchless Demo  

In an age when viruses spread faster than ever and dangerous germs lurk on every surface, the introduction of the touchless toilet couldn’t come at a better time. Designed with cleanliness in mind, Kohler’s touchless toilet is a smart solution for homeowners looking to improve the hygiene of their home.  


Not exactly a new idea, incorporated in the touchless toilet are the commercial flush features we’ve all seen at airports, schools, and shopping centers. These toilets use beam-based sensors, which activate the flush when the beam of light is broken. There are a few problems with these types of toilets, however. The beam of light can be inaccurate and inefficient, resulting in phantom flushes. There are also the bulky sensor-activated flushometers attached to the outside of the tank that wouldn’t fit into most residential spaces, physically or aesthetically.   Kohler addressed these two problems in their design. First, the sensor moved to the inside of the toilet tank. This allows homeowners to design their bathrooms the way they want and eliminate worrying over how to hide the sensor through decoration. Because there is no longer a need to touch to flush, the toilets are manufactured without the external lever.   With the sensor moved inside, the traditional activation method had to be modified as well. No longer triggered by a beam of light, the sensor uses new technology that projects an electromagnetic field. This technology is much more accurate and senses the user within a field before triggering the flush.[i]   Though homeowners have only three options for their touchless toilets, the possibilities for customization are endless.  


Kohler’s most popular toilet, the Cimarron is a classic look with timeless design. With the touchless feature, its look becomes even cleaner.  

Cimarron Touchless


This toilet is for the more contemporary homeowner. It has a shorter tank and cleaner, sleeker lines.

Kohler Touchless Toilet San Souci  


Homeowners can choose between two great toilets or they can upgrade and existing single-flush toilet with Kohler’s Touchless Flush Kit. A more affordable option, the module attaches to the toilet tank with a bracket. Kohler tells us, “The chain from the toilet’s flush system attaches to a rotating arm on the touchless module, which then acts as the flush actuator, replacing the traditional lever handle of the toilet.” Homeowners can keep the lever on the tank or remove it, replacing the hole with a color-matched cover.        

Touchless flush kit

Sources: [i]’s-Touchless-Toilet-Technology-Marks-a-New-Era-in-Toilet-Flushing/content/CNT111600032.htm

Gas Grills

Gas Grills and Grilling

Wolf Gas Grill with Food - June 2014  

According to the Hearth, Patio, and Barbecue Association, 80% of households have a grill, outdoor BBQ, or smoker, and 97% of grill owners use their grill at least once a year. This means most Americans love grilling—and for good reason! Grilling adds a flavor to vegetables and meats that is impossible to replicate with other appliances.   So what type of grill is best? The answer is up for debate. Sixty-one percent of grill owners prefer gas grills, while charcoal and electric follow. With the majority of household grill masters leaning toward gas, we’d like to let you know about the anatomy, features, and benefits of a gas grill.  


Gas burns cleaner than charcoal does, and it is generally less expensive per use. Unlike charcoal, gas ignites quickly, usually with a push-button or an on/off switch. You can begin cooking within ten minutes of preheating—much quicker than with a charcoal grill.  


There are three types of gas grills.  

1) Drop-in

These are designed for built-in installations (think complete outdoor kitchens) or can combine with a cart to create a slide-in or freestanding model. The main body of the grill is usually made from cast aluminum, sheet metal, cast iron, or stainless steel.

Wolf Built-in Grill - June 2014  

2) Slide-in

A slide-in grill combines a drop-in grill with a specially designed cart for installation in between masonry walls in an outdoor kitchen. It is used where a built-in look is wanted, but without actually being built in. This means you can take it to a new home, should you move.

Viking Slide-in Grill - June 2014  

3) Freestanding

A freestanding grill is the most popular type of grill and probably what most people think of when they imagine a gas grill. It is placed onto a mobile cart and can be moved around.  

Wolf Freestanding Grill - June 2014  


The basics of a gas grill are simple:
  • The burners are located on the bottom and create heat
  • Above the burners are the radiants, which disperse heat from the burners
  • The cooking grates lie above the radiants


The grid/grate is probably the most recognizable piece of a grill. It’s the cooking surface and the part that leaves those tell-tale grill marks on your food.  
Looks delicious!

Looks delicious!

The cooking grids/grates are typically made from chrome-plated steel, chrome-plated aluminum, chrome rod, porcelain-coated steel, cast iron, porcelain-coated cast iron, or stainless steel.  

  • Chrome or Plated Steel

Harder to clean than a porcelain coated grill and tends to rust fairly easily.

  • Chrome Rod

Will not tarnish in air, but burns when heated, forming a characteristic green chromic oxide. It will burn through in about 1 to 2 years.

  • Porcelain Coated Steel

Resists rusting and is easy to clean. However, it tends to chip which allows the exposed metal to rust.

  • Stamped sheet metal

Hard to clean and will burn through in a relatively short period of time.

In addition, stamped metal grates are a poor cooking surface since they do not properly concentrate the heat, and they cool off too quickly. Porcelainized stamped metal grids tend to chip.

  • Cast Iron

Holds the heat extremely well and heat very evenly, but must be kept seasoned with cooking oil to avoid rusting.

Because cast iron retains heat extremely well, slow cooked foods should be cooked before searing meats to avoid charring.

With age, and heavy use, cast iron may get brittle and break.

  • Porcelain Coated Cast Iron

Has all the benefits of cast iron, with a rust resistant, easy to clean and maintain surface.

As with all porcelain coated surfaces, it tends to chip.

  • Stainless Steel

Designed for more even heat distribution. It resists rusts, and will not chip or burn through.

Will last a very long time, but it does not hold the heat or sear as well as cast iron.

  • Stainless Steel Rod

Absorbs heat well, but does not retain it for long … making this kind of grid ideal for searing meat on high heat, then reducing the heat and let the meat slow cook until it reaches the desired doneness.

Generally the thicker the rod, the better the quality. This is easiest type of grid to clean. It can be cleaned in the dishwasher, or rubbed with a brass bristle brush while the grid is hot.

  Remember, a thicker, heavier gauge cooking grate will last longer and retain heat better. Grates coated with porcelain enamel are a common upgrade feature.


Heat diffusers/radiants should provide even heat distribution across the grill, be self-cleaning and easy to remove, and able to support smoke woods. The familiar flavor produced by charcoal grilling comes from the juices of food drippings onto the hot charcoal. Gas grills use several materials to produce the same effect.  

  • Lava Rock

Lava rockLava rock heats quickly and disperses the heat to the interior of the grill. It is porous and allows grease to accumulate, lessening its efficiency and increasing flare-ups.

Irregularities in the surface of the rock create hot spots and cool spots, leading to irregular cooking and burnt/undercooked food.

Lava rock should be replaced every year, or turned over to expose a fresh surface.

  • Pumice Stone

Pumice stonePumice stone is similar to lava rock in that it heats quickly and disperses the heat to the interior of the grill. However, because of its smoother surface, pumice stone collects less residue and produces fewer flare-ups. Irregularities in the surface of the stone can create hot spots and cool spots, leading to irregular cooking and burnt/undercooked food.

  • Ceramic Briquettes

Ceramic BriquettesUnlike lava rock, ceramic briquettes are non-porous. They will not absorb fat, and their uniform size ensures even heat distribution for better cooking performance.

Ceramic briquettes allow food juices to vaporize while cooking, minimizing food charring flare-ups. They can be cleaned by turning them over to burn off any residue. Ceramic is more expensive than lava rock but generally last 5-7 years.

  • Ceramic Plates

Ceramic plateLike ceramic briquettes, ceramic plates are non-porous, will not absorb fat and their uniform size ensures even heat distribution for better cooking performance. Heat distribution is better than briquettes, since they can be laid edge to edge.

Ceramic briquettes allow food juices to vaporize while cooking, minimizing food charring flare-ups and keep the plates cleaner. They can be cleaned by turning them over to burn off any residue. Ceramic plates do get brittle with age, but generally last 5-7 years.

  • Metal Vaporization Plates/Bars/Radiants

Metal VaporizationDesigned to reduce flare-ups by permitting heat to rise, metal vaporization plates allow dripping juices dissipate when they fall on the hot metal.

Vaporization plates can be made of aluminized steel, stainless steel, porcelain coated steel, or cast iron.

Use caution when selecting metal vaporization plates. Stamped Stainless Steel radiants generally perform well and have a very long life expectancy. Stamped Metal vaporization plates have a poor performance history and are expensive to replace.



Excess cooking juices, drippings, and grease should be properly channeled away from the burners or they could cause a flare-up or even a grease fire. The drip tray is located under the grid and should be easily accessible from the front of the grill. Many drip trays can now be cleaned in the dishwasher—a real time saver for the frequent griller.  


  Gas Grill Hood  

A grill hood can turn a standard grill into a BBQ by covering the cooking surface, trapping the heated air inside, and increasing the temperature inside the grill. The hoods are typically made of the same material as the grill.

  • Stainless Steel Hoods

Intense heat generated by the grill will discolor stainless steel in a relatively short period of time. Stainless steel hoods should have double wall construction to help prevent this discoloration from happening. Double-walled hoods create an insulated air space protecting the outer finish from discoloration. Be sure your hood is double-walled, and if it is not, be sure it has a porcelain-enameled finish.

  Double-walled stainless steel grill hood - June 2014  


  • Hood-mounted Thermometer
  Viking Grill Thermometer - June 2014  

An accurate thermometer is needed to ensure food is cook thoroughly. Most gas grill hoods have a temperature gauge mounted on the front side of the hood. On low-end grills, the thermometer may reflect the temperature of the hood, not the temperature of the cooking area. Always know what/where the thermometer is gauging.

  • Multi-Tiered Racks
  Lynx Smart Gas Grill - June 2014  

Grills with hoods frequently add a second and even a third cooking surface above the main one. These racks are convenient if you’re grilling a large meal or entertaining. But no matter what you’re doing, remember that the temperature drops as the distance between the cooking surface and the fuel source increases. Because of this, the higher racks are typically used for steaming vegetables and keeping cooking meat warm.

  • Rotisserie

Rotisseries are a great way to cook large cuts of meat or several small items, like Cornish hens. The food is slow-roasted with a crispy outside and a juicy, tender inside. A rotisserie slowly spins above the head, using a spit (a long metal rod) and a clamping system to hold the food in place over a fire. This is a great, even cooking method that can be performed on luxury gas grills.

A rotisserie uses either the primary grill burners for cooking or a separate rotisserie back burner. A back burner sits on the back wall of the grill behind the rotisserie. It is usually open flame or infrared, and because it releases heat from the side of the grill, rather than the bottom, flare-ups are virtually eliminated.

  • Side burner
  Wolf 13 in side burner module - June 2014  

Optional side burners allow you to prepare an accompanying dish without running back and forth to the kitchen. These are often found in outdoor kitchens, and are extremely convenient for the avid griller. They typically come with a cover to protect the burner when it is not in use.

When choosing a side burner, know that, generally, the more BTUs a side burner has the better. They also come in a variety of materials: sheet metal, cast iron, tubular stainless steel, cast stainless steel, and cast brass. Sealed cast stainless or cast brass burners are the best choice, along with a stainless steel drip basin and porcelain clad cast iron grates to ensure an easy-clean cooktop.

  • Grill Covers

A grill cover protects your gas grill from the weather and helps to guard against rust. It should be made of a heavy-duty vinyl or nylon with a scratch resistant lining. Most manufacturers provide with the purchase of a new grill.

  • Trim Kits

Some manufacturers offer stainless steel trim kits that provide a clean stainless steel finish to the outside edge of a built-in grill.



Like cars, gas grills vary in price according to quality, features, and manufacturer. A gas grill can cost anywhere from $150 for a basic, no-frills model, to over $8,000 for a top-of-the-line, state-of-the-art outdoor kitchen grill. Determining your price point is always the best first step to take before looking at outdoor grills.   If you’re interested in purchasing a gas grill, or you have more questions, call one of our appliance associates at 513-361-1600.    

What do you think about gas grills? Are you a die-hard charcoal fan? Do you have some information about gas grills that we didn’t cover? Let us know below or give us a shout out on Facebook or Twitter!

Cabinetry 103: Door Styles and Glass

Full Access Kitchen Cabinets with Shaker Doors
It’s time for Cabinetry 103, our final lesson in cabinetry. In Cabinetry 101 we covered the differences between stock, custom, and semi-custom cabinetry. In Cabinetry 102 we discussed framed and full access cabinets, and the door types of each. In this session, we’ll explain the styles of doors you can select as well as decorative inserts.  

These doors have the appearance of a solid piece of wood. However, because of the nature of wood, the doors are actually made of several pieces of lumber joined with adhesive and then cut to size. The wood strips used to construct the panel may not all match in grain and color, which adds to the character of the door. Slab doors are typically used in contemporary and modern kitchen designs, like the one below.  

Cabinetry 103 Slab Door Example
This type of cabinet door is almost like a picture frame. Separate pieces of wood, engineered wood, medium density fiberboard (MDF), or solid hardwood surround a panel in the middle. The vertical sections of the frame are called stiles and the horizontal sections are rails. The stiles and rails are joined together using one of three methods:  

  • Mitered Joint – Mitered doors and drawers have a frame that is joined by a mitre joint at the corners. A mitre joint is a 45 degree cut on the stile and rail. This joint runs diagonally from the inside corner of the frame to the outside corner.
  Miltered Joint Framed Door    
  • Mortise & Tenon Joint – A traditional tenon and mortise joint (similar to tongue an groove) is the most common method. Each end of the rail has a tenon (extension) which fits into a pocket (mortise) cut into the side of the stile.
  Tenon and Mortise Joint Framed Door    
  • Cope & Stick Joint – Cutting tools are used to cut the rails and stiles into mirrored images of the other. A slot is cut into the rail and stile for the center door panel. The shape of the cut allows for a greater glue area and a stronger joint. This type of joint is most often seen on furniture-grade cabinetry.
  Cope & Pattern Joint Framed Door Recessed Flat Panel
These doors start out as a flat piece of wood and then the frame is made to border it. There are several different styles of recessed doors.
  Recessed Panel Door Example 1 Contemporary Shaker Recessed Panel Door Example 2 Traditional Frame Recessed Panel Door Example 3 with corner accents Recessed Panel Door Example 4 with Center Stile Recessed Panel Door Example 5 AC  

Raised Panel, Solid
Though the panel is called solid, it is not usually made of a single piece of wood. Wood expands and contracts with changes in humidity, and this can cause the door to split and crack. To counteract the problems of natural movement in a solid wood center panel, the panel is usually constructed using several pieces of solid stock lumber glued together. The wood strips used to construct the panel may not all match in graining and color.   The panel is then cut on all four sides, so the center is higher than the edges. The face of the panel is usually flush with the front surface of the stiles and rails, with the edges forming a tongue which fits a corresponding groove cut into the door frame.   The groove is slightly larger than the panel’s edge to allow the panel to float in the frame. This simply means that the panel has room to expand and contract during humidity changes, reducing the risk of the panel cracking or splitting.  

Raised Panel, Veneer
Veneer is simply a thin slice of wood taken from a log, rather than a heavy board. Instead of solid wood strips, the core (substrate) of the veneered panel is particleboard , or in some cases plywood, which gives the door much more stability than wood. The veneer slices (leaves) are edge-glued into a face. This face is made to fit the size of the panel. The method of matching the veneer edges determines the final appearance of the door panel.   A veneered center panel has a continuous graining, which some people prefer to the variety of the solid wood panel. While the final assembly into the frame is the same as for solid panel doors, veneered panel doors are less expensive than solid wood.

  Square Raised Panel Veneer Door 1 Cathedral Raised Panel Veneer Door 1 Cathedral Raised Panel Veneer Door 2 Arched Raised Panel Veneer Door 1 Arched Raised Panel Veneer Door 2 Square Raised Panel Veneer Door 2 Cathedral Raised Panel Veneer Door 3 Cathedral Raised Panel Veneer Door 4 Arched Raised Panel Veneer Door 3 Arched Raised Panel Veneer Door 4

Raised Panel, Laminate
This door is made of a single slab of MDF (medium density fiberboard) that is molded to give the appearance of a center panel and frame. Flexible vinyl is laminated to the substrate using industrial adhesives, heat, and pressure. The stability of MDF makes this door type resistant to cupping and warping.

  MDF Raised Panel 1 MDF Raised Panel 2 MDF Raised Panel 3  

A mullion is a thin strip of wood that is used to separate the panes of glass in a door or window. Mullion doors have glass inserts in place of the typical solid center panel and look similar to windowpanes.   The glass can be individual pieces sandwiched between two mullions, front and back, or a full sheet of glass mounted behind the mullions. Usually the latter type of installation of the glass allows for it to be removed for easy and complete cleaning – although it increases the risk of breaking the glass.   Since the mullions create a pattern of their own, the glass choices for mullioned doors are usually limited to clear Annealed (not a safety glass), or Tempered, or Laminated glass.

  Mullion Door 1 Mullion Door 2 Mullion Door 3 Mullion Door 4  

Frames only (doors without panels) are generally available in all styles. Most doors (12″ or wider and up to 42″ high) can be routed out on the back of the frame to hold the glass panel. Generally molding is not furnished for the back of the frame.  

Some Glass Options   Annealed Glass
Glass that has been cooled with precise control to relieve stress introduced by the manufacturing process. This annealing process makes the glass workable, i.e. easier to cut, machine, etc. Common household glass is annealed glass. It is NOT a safety glass.

Tempered Glass
Tempering uses either a thermal or chemical process to quickly harden the glass, which compresses its surface. Compressing the surface increases the amount of tensile stress that can be endured before breakage occurs.   It is important to note that the treatment must be applied only after all cutting and processing has been completed, as once ’toughened’, any attempt to cut the glass will cause it to shatter.   The process of making tempered glass increases the surface tension of the glass which can cause it to ’explode’ if broken; this is more a dramatic effect than hazardous. When it does break, tempered glass generally breaks in very small pieces. Fully-tempered glass may show more visual distortion of reflected images, but it is about four times stronger than annealed glass of the same thickness.  

Laminated Safety Glass
Laminated safety glass is made by bonding two or more layers of glass with one or more layers of other material (such as resin, or PVB or other suitable materials). The most important characteristic is the ability of the interlayer(s) to support and hold the glass when broken.   Laminated glass is 50 percent to 90 percent as strong as annealed glass of the same thickness depending on exposed temperatures, aspect ratio, plate size, stiffness and load duration. However, the edges of laminated glass are less resistant than annealed glass to handling and installation damage.   When broken, laminated safety glass is held together by the adhesives that are used in the manufacturing process. This generally helps keep large pieces of glass from falling from the opening. Nevertheless, small pieces and or chips may still fall, and the precise size of pieces of glass that will break is difficult to identify and describe.   Laminated glass, however, can be made with both heat-strengthened and fully-tempered glass for additional safety benefits.  

Sand Carved Glass
Sand is sprayed at high velocities over the surface of the glass, giving the glass a rough, translucent surface. During sandblasting, only the areas that are to remain transparent are masked for protection. The depth and degree of the translucency of the sand-blasted finishing vary with the force and type of sand used.  

Pattern Glass
Patterned glass has a textured surface with a patterns impressed on it. Patterned glass is made with a rolled glass process. The semi-molten glass is squeezed between two metal rollers. The bottom roller is engraved with the negative of the image. The resulting glass usually transmits only slightly less light than clear glass.   This concludes our cabinetry series.

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